Reasons for Shortness in a Breath
If you feel that you cannot breathe enough, the underlying cause must be investigated. Heart, digestion, kidney diseases, as well as allergies and obesity, can cause you to feel shortness of breath. Shortness of breath is the patient’s feeling of not being able to breathe enough. Therefore, the reasons are evaluated in a vast scope. The person cannot breathe sufficiently due to a lung pathology but also suffers from shortness of breath although he is breathing enough. Therefore, the causes of dyspnea are divided into pulmonary and extra-pulmonary causes.
How Smoking Effect Our Lungs
The lung’s ability to breathe enough air and the air can be reduced. Many diseases cause this. The most prominent of them is asthma. Asthma has airway obstruction. The patient feels shortness of breath because there is not enough air through this channel to pass the required time.
Similarly, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), which is called the disease of smokers, disrupts the structure of the lung, and prevents the entry of sufficient air. Even if air enters in emphysema, the oxygen in the air cannot be transported sufficiently into the blood vessels. Therefore, the person is deprived of oxygen and feels short of breath. Nowadays, the reason for the increase in COPD is the increase in smoking.
Effect of Working in Industries
In addition to smoking, there are reasons such as industrialization, environmental pollution, working in the factory, and exposure to particles that disrupt the respiratory system.
Lung cancers are among the most critical causes of shortness of breath. Even these shortness of breath can suffocate the patient.
List of diseases that cause shortness of breath
- Accumulation of water in the lung
- Pneumonia, which reduces the passage of oxygen in the lung, can cause shortness of breath.
- Heart failure is another disease that affects the lungs. The condition can cause the collection of water in the lung membrane. The lung cannot open enough, and the person feels short of breath.
- Shortness of breath is also seen in the case of anemia. Because in anemia, the hemoglobin level that carries oxygen is falling. No matter how much air is taken, the tissues are hypoxic, i. E oxygen-free and the person feels short of breath.
- In hypothyroidism, one of the thyroid diseases, the person may experience shortness of breath. A person’s thyroid hormone may not be working well enough, and its metabolism can be slow.
- Reflux also causes shortness of breath. Stomach acid can escape the trachea and cause lung damage.
- In renal diseases, especially if the area is high or the kidney does not work well, shortness of breath may occur.
- If there is an obstruction in the upper respiratory tract, ie, proper breathing through the nose, this problem may be felt.
- Obesity and pregnancy are also among the causes of shortness of breath. As the pressure in the abdomen increases, shortness of breath can be seen.
- In chest deformities such as scoliosis, shortness of breath is experienced because the lung capacity is not functional.
- In the case of psychogenic dyspnea, there is no disease in the person. These patients who have anxiety, want to breathe more, but can not. This picture emerges with excitement, exam stress, feeling of failure, sadness.